Жидкость против. Машины объемного розлива: в чем разница



When packaging liquid products, the filling process is a crucial step in ensuring quality and efficiency. The industry often considers two predominant types of filling machines: liquid filling machines and volumetric filling machines.

Both have unique attributes and applicabilities, which can influence their selection based on the specific requirements of the production process. This document delineates the differences between these two types of machines, providing insights into their operational mechanisms, advantages, and potential drawbacks. By understanding these nuances, manufacturers can make informed decisions about which filling machine is best suited to their needs.

Жидкость против. Машины для объемного розлива
Жидкость против. Машины для объемного розлива

Filling Machine Overview

A filling machine, or filler, is an essential equipment in the packaging industry. These machines are designed to dispense products into packaging materials such as bottles, cans, pouches, or other containers. The filling process can be automated or semi-automated, depending on the production line’s needs. Fillers come in various types, including liquid and volumetric filling machines.

Liquid filling machines typically package liquid products like water, juices, cleaning solutions, or oils. They fill containers to a predetermined level, ensuring a consistent volume in each package.

On the other hand, volumetric filling machines fill each container with the same amount of product, regardless of their capacity. Volumetric fillers are often chosen for their accuracy and efficiency, making them ideal for industries where consistency is critical, such as the pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and food industries.

Understanding the operational characteristics of each filling machine is crucial in determining which is the most suitable for a particular application.

Liquid Filling Machines: Definition and Function

Liquid filling machines are filling equipment primarily used for packaging liquid products. These machines fill each container to a predetermined level, ensuring a uniform volume in each package. Precise control over the importance of product dispensed is achieved through various mechanisms, depending on the type of liquid filling machine used.

Small Scale Bottle Filling for Edible Oil
Small Scale Bottle Filling for Edible Oil

Типы машин для розлива жидкостей

Liquid filling machines are essential in many industries, from food and beverage to pharmaceuticals. They ensure accurate, efficient, and consistent filling of various liquid products into containers. There are several liquid filling machines, each with unique characteristics suited for specific applications.

  1. Volumetric Filling Machine: This type of machine fills a precise volume of liquid into the container. It operates on the positive displacement principle, where a fixed amount of fluid is drawn into a cylinder and pushed into the container. Volumetric filling machines are ideal for filling liquids with a consistent viscosity.
  2. Overflow Filling Machine: These machines fill to a level rather than by volume. They are handy for filling clear containers where an even fill level across all products is necessary for aesthetic purposes. Overflow fillers work best with thin to medium-viscosity liquids.
  3. Piston Filling Machine: Piston fillers are a type of volumetric filling machine that uses a piston to draw a set volume of liquid into a cylinder and then dispense it into the container. They are ideal for filling thick or chunky products.
  4. Gravity Filling Machine: These machines use gravity to fill containers. The liquid product is held in a tank above the filling heads, and gravity pulls the liquid down into the container. These machines are best suited for thin, free-flowing beverages.
  5. Net Weight Filling Machine: These machines fill by weight, not volume. They use integrated scales to weigh the container before, during, and after filling to ensure the desired weight of the product has been reached.
  6. Peristaltic Pump Filling Machine: These machines use peristaltic pumps to fill containers. They are often used in the pharmaceutical and biotech industries because they offer precise filling and prevent cross-contamination.

When choosing a liquid filling machine, consider factors such as the type of liquid, the size and type of container, production speed requirements, and the level of accuracy needed. Remember, the suitable machine will increase productivity, reduce waste, and ensure a consistent product for your customers.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Liquid Filling Machines

Liquid filling machines offer various advantages, including consistency in product volume, high-speed operation, and adaptability to different product viscosities and container shapes. However, they also have some potential drawbacks. The precision of filling can be influenced by factors such as the product’s consistency and the production line’s speed. Additionally, while automation can increase efficiency, it requires a significant initial investment.

Volumetric Filling Machines: Definition and Function

Volumetric filling machines are vital equipment in the packaging industry, designed to dispense precise product volumes into containers. They assign a specific quantity of the product to be filled, ensuring the same book is distributed in each operation, regardless of the container shape or size.

Volumetric Filling Machines
Volumetric Filling Machines

Types of Volumetric Filling Machines

Volumetric filling machines are a cornerstone of many industries, facilitating the precise filling of containers with a specific volume of product. These machines are particularly suited for liquids with consistent viscosities and are often used in the food & beverage, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries. There are several types of volumetric filling machines, each leveraging different mechanisms to achieve accurate filling.

  1. Piston Filling Machines (PFM): A PFM operates on the positive displacement principle. It employs a piston to draw a set volume of liquid into a cylinder and dispense it into the container. This machine is adept at handling products with a wide range of viscosities, from thin liquids to thicker pastes.
  2. Rotary Valve Piston Machines (RVPM): A variant of the piston filling machine, the RVPM uses rotary valves instead of linear ones. The rotary motion offers a continuous filling process, which can lead to greater efficiency and higher production rates.
  3. Gear Pump Filling Machines (GPFM): GPFMs utilize a gear pump to move the product. The volume is determined by the number of revolutions the gear pump makes, offering exact control over the fill volume. GPFMs excel with low to medium-viscosity liquids.
  4. Time Gravity Filling Machines (TGFM): TGFM is a volumetric filler that uses gravity to assist in filling. The machine opens a valve for a pre-set amount of time, allowing the product to flow into the container. The volume filled is proportional to the flow rate, and the valve is opening time. Best suited for thin, free-flowing liquids.
  5. Mass Flow Meter Filling Machines (MFMFM): This type of machine uses a mass flow meter to measure the product’s weight as it passes through the device, ensuring an exact volume is filled. This technology is often used in the food and beverage industry to serve carbonated beverages.

In choosing between these types of volumetric filling machines, it’s crucial to consider the specific needs of your operation, including the viscosity of the liquid, desired production speed and required accuracy. By selecting the most appropriate machine, you can enhance efficiency, reduce waste, and ensure a consistent, high-quality product for your customers. Remember, a suitable investment in machinery can yield significant productivity and product quality returns.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Volumetric Filling Machines

Volumetric filling machines offer several advantages: their high precision ensures each container is filled with the same amount of product. This leads to improved consistency, customer satisfaction, and overall product quality. Additionally, these machines are versatile, handling various viscosities and container sizes. However, they also have some disadvantages. For instance, the initial investment for these machines can be high. There can also be maintenance and cleaning challenges due to the machine parts’ complexity. Moreover, changes in product characteristics, such as viscosity, could affect the fill’s accuracy.

Comparison of Liquid and Volumetric Filling Machines

Both liquid and volumetric filling machines play critical roles in the packaging industry, each with unique strengths and applications. This post will provide an informative and technical comparison between these two types of filling machines.

Машины для розлива жидкостей

As the name suggests, liquid filling machines fill liquid products into containers. These machines use various technologies, such as gravity fillers, overflow fillers, piston fillers, and pump fillers, to achieve precise filling.

Advantages of Liquid Filling Machines

  1. Versatility: Liquid filling machines can handle various viscosities, from water-thin liquids to thick creams.
  2. Speed: These machines can fill numerous containers per minute, enhancing production rates.
  3. Accuracy: Advanced technologies like servo motors ensure precise filling, minimizing product wastage.

Volumetric Filling Machines

Volumetric filling machines, on the other hand, dispense a precise volume of product into each container, regardless of the variation in the container’s shape or size. These machines use technologies such as piston fillers, gear pump fillers, and rotary valve piston fillers.

Advantages of Volumetric Filling Machines

  1. Precision: Volumetric fillers excel in delivering exact product volumes, ensuring consistency across all packages.
  2. Versatility: They can handle a broad spectrum of products, from thin liquids to dense pastes.
  3. Efficiency: These machines can maintain high production rates, improving operational efficiency.


When comparing liquid and volumetric filling machines, the choice depends mainly on the product type and the specific requirements of the packaging operation.

Liquid filling machines are often preferred for their ability to handle a wide range of fluid viscosities and for their high-speed operation. However, if precision and consistency in volume across varying container sizes are paramount, volumetric filling machines may be the better choice.

In conclusion, both liquid and volumetric filling machines have their distinct advantages. The selection between the two should be based on a thorough analysis of the product characteristics, packaging requirements, and operational efficiency. As with all machinery decisions, consulting with an experienced provider is essential to determine the most suitable solution for your needs.

Determining the Right Filling Machine: Factors to Consider

Several key factors must be considered to identify the ideal filling machine for your operational needs. These include the nature of your product, the desired production speed, the type and size of your containers, and the precision required in filling.

Choosing the Right Filler

When selecting a filler, consider the viscosity of your product. For thin, watery liquids, a liquid filling machine may suffice. On the other hand, for thicker substances or those requiring precise volumes, a volumetric filling machine could prove more effective. Also, consider your production rate. If high-speed operation is a priority, the capabilities of your chosen device must align with this objective.


Choosing between a liquid filling machine and a volumetric filler depends on various factors specific to your operation. By understanding these factors and consulting with experienced providers, you can ensure that you select the most effective and efficient machine for your needs. This decision will ultimately contribute to greater operational efficiency, improved product consistency, and enhanced customer satisfaction.

FAQ: Filling Machines

Q: What is the difference between liquid and volumetric fillers?

A: Liquid and volumetric fillers are different filling machines used in the packaging industry. A liquid filler is a machine designed to fill containers with a liquid product. In contrast, a volumetric filler is a machine that measures the volume of liquid being dispensed.

Q: What is the filling principle of a volumetric filling machine?

A: A volumetric filling machine operates on the principle of measuring the volume of the liquid being dispensed. It uses a predetermined fluid volume to fill containers, ensuring consistent and accurate fill levels.

Q: What are the types of volumetric filling machines available?

A: There are various types of volumetric filling machines available, including piston fillers, gravity fillers, pump fillers, and level fillers. Each type has its advantages and suitability for different applications.

Q: What are the advantages of using a volumetric filling machine?

A: Volumetric filling machines offer several advantages, including accurate and repeatable fill volumes, high filling speeds, minimal product wastage, and ease of operation. They are also suitable for a wide range of liquid products and can be customized to meet specific packaging requirements.

Q: How does a piston filler work?

A: A piston filler is a type of volumetric filling machine that uses a piston to dispense the liquid into containers. The piston is driven by a pneumatic or mechanical system, allowing precise control over the fill volume. As the piston retracts, it draws in a specific book of liquid and dispenses it into the container when it extends.

Q: What is a gravity filler, and how does it work?

A: A gravity filler is another volumetric filling machine that utilizes gravity to fill containers. The liquid flows from an overhead tank or reservoir into a filling nozzle, and then it is dispensed into the containers below. The fill volume is controlled by adjusting the flow rate and the duration of the filling process.

Q: What is the difference between piston filling and volumetric filling?

A: Piston filling is a type of volumetric filling. It uses a piston mechanism to measure and dispense a predetermined volume of liquid into containers. Therefore, volumetric filling is a broader term encompassing various methods, including piston filling, gravity filling, and other volumetric filling systems.

Q: What factors should be considered when selecting a suitable liquid-filling machine?

A: When selecting a liquid filling machine, it is essential to consider factors such as the type of product being served, the desired fill volume, the level of automation required, the production speed, the available space, and the level of accuracy needed. Matching the machine specifications to the specific requirements of your liquid product is essential for optimal performance.

Q: What is the difference between level filling and pump filling?

A: Level filling and pump filling are different methods used in volumetric filling machines. Level filling involves maintaining a constant liquid level in the container during the filling process, ensuring accurate fill volumes. Pump filling uses a pump mechanism to dispense the liquid into the containers.

Q: How do liquid filling machines work?

A: Liquid filling machines transfer the liquid product from a source tank or reservoir into the containers. The filling nozzle is positioned over the container, and the liquid is dispensed either by gravity or through a pumping system. The machine settings control the fill volume and can be adjusted as needed.

Топ Наполнители Машины
Недавно опубликовано

Наша техническая команда продаж всегда уделяет внимание каждой детали общения и взаимодействия с вами, чтобы обеспечить вам отличное качество обслуживания клиентов без сюрпризов. Если у вас есть какие-либо новые требования к проекту, пожалуйста, пришлите нам свои требования, и мы свяжемся с вами в течение нескольких часов и предоставим конкурентоспособное предложение.

Контакты ФЛСМ
Контактная форма: демо
Пролистать наверх